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The National Insurance Institute is responsible for the social security of the residents of Israel, and therefore guarantees basic subsistence to those unable to provide for themselves.

The National Insurance Institute pays benefits to those eligible thus assisting people at times of personal crisis such as work termination, disability and work injury.

Through the benefit payments the NII transfers income from financially well-off groups to groups that are weak or vulnerable, there by contributing to a more just distribution of national income and to the reduction of poverty in Israel.


Examining the possibility of receiving more than one benefit (in Hebrew)


Accident Injuries


Under the Accident Injury Insurance Law, benefits are paid to a person who is injured in an accident and who, due to the accident, has lost the ability to function. The law applies to anyone who is an Israeli resident, between 18 and retirement age, including housewives who are not insured by national insurance. Under the law, the benefit is paid for a maximum of 90 days for loss of functioning capacity.

Appealing a decision of the National Insurance Institute


A person dissatisfied with a decision made by the National Insurance Institute is entitled to appeal it to the Labor Court. The appeal must be submitted to the Labor Court within 12 months from the date on which the written notification of the National Insurance Institute’s decision had been received.

Attendance Allowance for the Disabled


An attendance allowance is available to men and women up to retirement age who are insured by the National Insurance Institute and who require a great deal of assistance by another person for routine activities (dressing, eating, washing, mobility within the home and control of bodily functions), or who require constant supervision to prevent danger to their lives or to the lives of others.

Bankruptcy and Corporate Liquidation (Employee Rights)

The law of insuring employee rights in case of bankruptcy and corporate liquidation was enacted in 1975, to protect employees whose rights were severely impaired as a result of difficulties faced by their place of work, consequent to which liquidation or bankruptcy decrees had been filed. Under the law, an employee whose employer went bankrupt or whose company underwent liquidation is entitled to receive a benefit from the National Insurance Institute that includes payments, owed by the employer, up to the maximum amount set by the law:
  1. Wages
  2. Severance pay
  3. Provident fund payment

Benefits for a Child Orphaned due to Domestic Violence

Under the Benefits (Child Orphaned due to Domestic Violence) Law-1995, a special benefit is paid to children whose parent was killed by a spouse. These orphans receive paid benefit in addition to the other benefits to which they are entitled, such as child allowance and survivors' pension.

Burial Expenses


The National Insurance Institute pays burial expenses and for related services for every person who dies in Israel and is buried in Israel, and for every Israeli resident who dies outside of Israel.

The payments are transferred directly from the NII to the Hevra Kadisha and to any other entity that is duly authorized to conduct burials, which has signed an agreement with the National Insurance Institute in this matter.

The National Insurance Institute covers the burial expenses and costs of related services on the day of the burial only.



The National Insurance Institute pays a monthly child allowance to families living in Israel who have children up to the age of 18. The allowance is aimed at helping the family with the expenses entailed in raising their children, and it is paid regardless of the amount of the family's income.

In most cases, the allowance is paid automatically, according with the information transferred to the NII by the hospital after the birth, and it is not necessary to submit a claim. However, there are cases in which the family does have to submit a claim. Further information can be found in how to submit a claim.

The child allowance is paid once a month, on the 20th of the month. For some months of the year, the payment date of the benefit may vary on the occasion of holidays.
The payment dates are updated on the benefit payments table.

For your convenience, here is a calculator of the amount of child allowance (in Hebrew) to which you are entitled.

Single-parent families and large families (4 or more children) who receive a subsistence benefit from the NII are entitled to a study grant, paid annually, at the beginning of the school year, for children aged 6-18.

Compensation for Blood Transfusion Victims


Under the Compensation for Blood Transfusion Victims (AIDS), those who are carriers of the AIDS virus as a result of blood transfusion or blood-related products that they received from public health services, from December 31, 1981 to January 1, 1987, are entitled to compensation. The law also applies to spouses and children if they were infected by the AIDS virus following contact with the victim. Entitlement to payment is determined by a committee of experts at the Ministry of Health. Payment is made by the National Insurance Institute.

Compensation for Polio Victims


The Polio Victims Compensation Law-2007 compensates polio victims who are residents of Israel and who were stricken with polio in Israel, or who were stricken with polio abroad and were operated on in Israel due to said illness before January 1, 1970.

Under the law, a person recognized as a polio victim who became disabled as a result of the polio is entitled to a lump-sum compensation as well as to a monthly pension or grant, in accordance with his disability percentage or percentage of mobility limitation. The compensation and pension do not affect the other benefits paid to polio victims.

Please note:  A person who was striken with polio abroad must submit a claim to the National Insurance Institute within a defined period of time as determined by law. For details, see the chapter "Those who became stricken with polio abroad".

Compensation for Scalp Ringworm Victims


As of January 1, 1995, under the Law for Compensation of Scalp Ringworm Victims, people (or their survivors) whose health was damaged as a result of radiation treatment against scalp ringworm, which was performed from January 1, 1946 to December 31, 1960, by an entity specified by the law, are entitled to a compensation. A victim is defined as someone who suffers from one of the diseases specified by the law, such as cancer in the area of the head and neck or leukemia, and is in Israel.

The claim for payment should be submitted to the Ministry of Health, which determines entitlement to payment and notifies the claimant if his application has been approved or rejected. Therefore, questions regarding the claim, the medical committees or entitlement matters should be directed to the Ministry of Health.

Payment is made by the National Insurance Institute, and therefore only questions regarding payments should be directed to the National Insurance Institute.

Counseling Service for the Elderly


The Counseling Service for the Elderly operates in all branches of the National Insurance Institute and is designed to assist the elderly and their families in resolving the typical problems of the elderly. The service is provided by retired volunteers who are trained in courses given at universities and colleges to provide counseling, guidance and practical assistance to the elderly.
The service is available to any elderly person in Israel who requires assistance. The counseling is provided in a warm and relaxed atmosphere. The elderly who request the service are given a sympathetic ear and, when necessary, the counselor refers them to other services in the community.

For details on the counseling services departments, click here.



A disability pension is paid to a person whose earning capacity is reduced by 50% due to his disability.

Disabled Child

The National Insurance Institute is aware of the heavy burden borne by families who raise a severely disabled child, and it therefore participates in covering the expenses that such families pay in this context, in order to somewhat lighten their burden and to enable the disabled child a normal lifestyle, insofar as possible, within the framework of his family and community.
Disabled child benefits are paid to disabled children between the ages of 91 days and 18 years, in accordance with various disabilities and the extent of dependence on others. Children with hearing impairments (according to the definition of the law) and those with Down Syndrome receive the benefit from the date of birth.
A child who is entitled to benefits for more than one disability receives the benefit according to the disability that entitles him to the highest amount. The right to the benefit is not indefinite and is examined from time to time, until age 18, under the conditions and examinations determined in the regulations, adapted to the age of the child and to the specific impairment from which he suffers.

Grant to Discharged Soldiers Performing Vital Work


Under the National Insurance Law, a one-time grant is paid to soldiers who are discharged from compulsory service or to women who have completed 24 months of national service (someone who terminated her service to get married will receive the grant, provided that she completed at least 6 months of service and was married within 30 days of the date of termination of the service) and who worked for six full months in vital work. Those who worked less than six ull months may be eligible for a partial grant under certain conditions if they performed work defined as preferred job. This must be a full-time job, as defined in the particular branch of occupation.

Hostile Action Casualties


Hostile action casualties and their families are entitled by law to monetary remuneration and various benefits to assist and support them in their recovery, such as monthly payments, rehabilitation, annual grants and lump-sum grants. This entitlement is provided under the Benefits for Victims of Hostilities Law, 5730 - 1970. The monetary benefits are provided under the Invalids (Compensation and Rehabilitation) Law, 5719 - 1959. They are calculated according to managerial grade civil service salaries and are updated in accordance with updates in the economy (employment agreements or cost of living increments).

Income Support

The National Insurance Institute cares for all individuals and families in Israel who are unable to support themselves on their own, and pays them an income support benefit.

Specifically, the benefit is paid to those with no or a low income who report to the Employment Service, but to whom no job or only a low-wage job is offered.

Those who are incapable of working are exempt from reporting to the Employment Service. These include, for example, prisoners performing public service, mothers of children up to age two, drug addicts, and others.

A person who has submitted a claim for a disability pension, and his claim has not yet been approved, can submit a claim for income support benefit in the meantime. In such a case he must meet one of the "situations of entitlement" to the benefit (including the condition of reporting to the Employment Service).

In addition, income support benefits are paid to children who were either orphaned or abandoned by both parents.

The benefit is paid starting with the month in which the claim was submitted to the NII; there is no retroactive payment of this benefit. It is therefore important to submit the claim without delay.

International Social Security Conventions


The National Insurance Institute is responsible for the social security of the residents of Israel, and pays benefits to those entitled according to the social laws of the State of Israel.

In addition, the National Insurance Institute is responsible for implementing International Conventions regarding social security, ensuring the rights of those traveling between Israel and a convention country .

The international conventions impart the residents of Israel and the residents of the convention countries the right to receive benefits and prevent double insurance payments, insure succession of insurance periods, and more, according to the terms of each convention individual.

A person moving from Israel to a convention country or from a convention country to Israel should contact the International Affairs Division at the National Insurance Institute to ensure his or her rights.

The rights granted by the conventions are detailed here.

Long-Term Care


The National Insurance Institute deems it very important for the elderly to remain at home with their families and in their communities. For this reason, the National Insurance Institute grants a long-term care benefit to  people who have reached retirement age, who live at home and need the assistance of another person to perform routine tasks (mobility in the home, dressing, washing, eating and controlling secretions), or need supervision at home for their own safety.

Those entitled to the benefit may choose appropriate services from the existing basket, which includes: care of the elderly at home, visits to a day center, provision of absorbent undergarments, personal alarm units and laundry services.

Those employing a personal caregiver may receive the long-term care benefit in cash instead of services, as long as the established conditions are met.

Please note: long-term care services are provided only for those who are dependent on another for carrying out daily activities, and not for those who only need assistance in managing a household.

Maintenance (Alimony)


The Maintenance Law (Assurance of Payment) was designed to help women and children who are residents of Israel, who have a court judgment for maintenance payments and are not receiving those payments from the person obligated.

The National Insurance Institute makes a monthly payment to those entitled to maintenance and collects the amount from the debtor who was ordered to pay that maintenance in a judgement for maintenance. The amount paid to a woman by the National Insurance Institute is the amount stated in the judgement for maintenance, or the amount stated in the regulations - whichever is the lower of the two. If the National Insurance Institute collects from the debtor the full amount of the maintenance specified in the court judgment, and that amount is larger than the maintenance paid to the woman by the National Insurance Institute, the woman is paid the difference.


A maternity allowance is paid to a working woman who goes on maternity leave. The maternity allowance is designed to compensate the new mother for the loss of her salary or income during the time that she is not working due to pregnancy/birth.
As of May 1, 1998, the father is entitled to replace his spouse during part of the maternity leave, and to receive a paternity allowance as prescribed by law.

Medical Boards


Anyone submitting a claim to the National Insurance Institute for his disability, must appear before a medical board.

The board comprises an expert physician who is responsible for the establishment of your degree of disability, and a secretary whose responsabilities include recording your statements, board's protocol and paying attention to the preservation of your rights.

You can receive, free of charge, advice and preparation for medical boards by "Helping Hand" centers.



The National Insurance Institute provides various benefits to people with lower body impairments that limit their mobility, with the aim of helping them to integrate into the community and develop an independent life. Although most benefits are granted to car owners, some benefits are also granted to those who do not own a car.

The benefits are paid for by state funds under a Mobility Agreement signed between the Ministry of Finance and the National Insurance Institute.

To a list of mobility benefits


Mobility disabilty is determined by the medical committees of the Health Ministry. Therefore, before submitting a claim for mobility benefits to the National Insurance Institute, you must first submit an application for examination by medical committees of the Health Ministry.

These committees determine whether or not there is a leg impairment in accordance with a list of defined impairments, whether there is need and use of a wheelchair and whether the impairment is a temporary or a permanent one.

Old Age


Old age insurance is one of the most important branches of the National Insurance Institute’s social security system and is designed to ensure that residents of Israel receive a regular monthly income in their old age.

Any Israeli resident born in Israel or who first immigrated before the age of 60-62 is eligible for an old age pension provided he or she meets the conditions of entitlement.

A person who first immigrated to Israel after the age 60-62, will receive a special old age benefit under certain conditions. 

An Israeli resident who moved to a convention country may be eligible for an old age pension even if he or she ceases being an Israeli resident.

An Israeli resident who began receiving an old age pension in Israel and moved abroad may be able to continue receiving the pension even if he or she ceases being an Israeli resident.

Prisoners of Zion and Families of Martyrs


A resident and citizen of Israel who has been recognized by the competent authority as a Prisoner of Zion, or a relative of a Prisoner of Zion held in prison, or a family member of a Martyr, is entitled to benefits under the Benefits for Prisoners of Zion and their Families Law of 1992.

Reserve Service


The National Insurance Institute pays a reserve service benefit to any person who is called up for reserve duty under the Security Service Law, as well as to anyone called up for training under the Emergency Labor Service Law. The National Insurance Institute also provides grants to working youths up to the age of 18 who are absent from their jobs due to participation in pre-military education.
As of June 1, 2004, the National Insurance Institute notifies every insured person and employer regarding the amount of the benefit paid.

Righteous Gentiles


A person who has been recognized by the Yad Vashem commemorative authority as a righteous gentile and is living in Israel, and family members of a righteous gentile (widow/widower and if there is no widow/er - a child, as defined in the National Insurance Law) are entitled to benefits.



Survivors’ insurance is designed to ensure the means of subsistence for the survivors - widow/er and orphans - of an Israeli resident who dies (except for those who lose their lives in war or due to crime).


The National Insurance Institute provides the unemployed person with a source of subsistence for the duration of his unemployment, until he manages to find work. The unemployment benefits are paid to persons who were salaried employees, who are registered with the Employment Service (labor exchange) as non-employed and who report to the Employment Service to look for work. You should report to the Employment Service immediately upon termination of employment, and then report on regular days as instructed by the Service. Every month, the Employment Service transfers to the National Insurance Institute the information on the number of unemployment days registered, and the NII pays you your unemployment benefits based on that information.

Questions regarding finding work and reporting to the Employment Service should be directed to the Service, and questions regarding payment of unemployment benefits should be directed to the National Insurance Institute.

You can follow the process that the unemployed person undergoes, including the roles of the Employment Service and the National Insurance Institute, in the information booklet (in Hebrew), "Returning to the Work Force".

Vocational Rehabilitation

Providing to persons with disabilities a vocational rehabilitation intended to let them integrate the working world, is a central value in the perception of welfare and social security that a country owes to its citizens.

The Department of Vocational Rehabilitation of the National Insurance Institute takes upon itself the aim of operating in this spirit and promoting the integration of persons with disabilities into a remunerated occupation on the free labor market and, thereby, bringing an improvement to their quality of life, on personal and economic level.

The guiding values of the Rehabilitation Department's operation are service orientation, professionalism, taking-up of rights and all this while preserving the principles of human dignity.

The rehabilitation clerks of the Department who are, by profession, social workers with a specialization in occupational rehabilitation, work with the latest therapeutic approaches which are implemented with the full cooperation of the individual, for the purpose of building, together with him or her, an individually tailored rehabilitation plan that is suitable to most of his capacities, skills, desires and the job market respectively.

Rehabilitation clerks accompany the persons in their care through the whole rehabilitation process until work integration.

Every year, the rehabilitation clerks of the National Insurance Institute help about 24,000 insured persons interested in integrating the working world.

For details, please call: 02-6463488 or contact us via the website.

Volunteer's Rights

The National Insurance Institute recognizes the important work that volunteers do to help others and for the good of the community and therefore compensates volunteers injured physically or mentally during or as a result of, their volunteer work, just as it compensates people injured at work.

The NII pays benefits to volunteers according to the regulations concerning work-related injuries. Furthermore in the event that a volunteer is killed while volunteering the NII will pay work-injury dependents pension to the partner of the volunteer and their children, particularly vocational training and living allowance for widows and orphans.

An injury during or as a result of volunteer work includes injuries that the volunteer incurred on his way to the place where he volunteered or on his way home, even if he did not leave from home to go to his volunteering place, or was not on his way home, all according to the regulations that were determined for an injury in a way that is recognized as a work injury.

Work Injury


Work injury insurance is designed to compensate insured persons who are injured at work for the loss of income for the period of time after the injury, during which they are unable to work. The National Insurance Institute therefore pays them an injury allowance for a period of up to three months.
If the injured person remains disabled as a result of the injury, he is entitled to a work disability pension or grant as decided by the medical board before which he must appear. 
The injured person is also entitled to receive medical treatment for his injury, free of charge.
If the injured person dies as a result of the work injury, his dependent family members may receive a pension or grant.

Arrangements Law to the State Budget for 2017-2018


With the approval of the State Budget and the Arrangements Law to the State Budget for 2017-2018, as of January 2017, some improvements and increments are entering into force for recipients of a disability pension, old age and survivors pension with income supplement, and for one-parent families receiving income support and maintenance payments.

Benefits by pension type are detailed below :

Study Grant


Debt due to receiving an overpayment of benefit

Under article 315 of the National Insurance Law, a person who receives a payment by mistake or illegally is obligated to return the amounts that he received by mistake or illegally.

Under law, the National Insurance Institute may deduct the amounts paid by mistake from the person's benefit, and may initiate enforcement procedures in order to collect the debt.

The NI may take the person's health and socio-economic  situation into account in the method it uses to collect the debt, and when necessary may reach an agreement with the debtor on a convenient payment arrangement.

In cases in which the person's health or socio-economic situation is very difficult (for example, if he has a terminal disease), the NII may decide to forgo part or all of the debt.

After overpayment of a benefit, you may use a request for review of debt form to submit a request to the Committee for Reviewing Debts.

One can pay a debt that has arisen from an overpayment of benefit on the payment site, or by means of the phone center for payment of debt due to overpayment of benefit.


presenting the first birth grant - 1954
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