The National Insurance Institute is responsible for the social security of the residents of Israel, and therefore guarantees basic subsistence to those unable to provide for themselves.
The National Insurance Institute pays benefits to those eligible thus assisting people at times of personal crisis such as work termination, disability and work injury.
Through the benefit payments the NII transfers income from financially well-off groups to groups that are weak or vulnerable, there by contributing to a more just distribution of national income and to the reduction of poverty in Israel.
Examining the possibility of receiving more than one benefit (in Hebrew)
Under the Accident Injury Insurance Law, benefits are paid to a person who is injured in an accidentAny sudden occurrence in which an outside factor causes physical injury, and loss of ability to function as a result of the injury. and who, due to the accident, has lost the ability to function. The law applies to anyone who is an Israeli residentA person whose life is centered in Israel. Criteria for determining this include: Israel is your permanent place of residence, where your family resides, where your children go to school, your primary place of work, or where you are studying. , between 18 and retirement age, including housewives who are not insured by national insurance. Under the law, the benefit is paid for a maximum of 90 days for loss of functioning capacity.
An attendance allowance is available to men and women up to retirement age who are insured by the National Insurance Institute and who require a great deal of assistance by another person for routine activities (dressing, eating, washing, mobility within the home and control of bodily functions), or who require constant supervision to prevent danger to their lives or to the lives of others.
The National Insurance Institute pays burial expenses and for related services for every person who dies in Israel and is buried in Israel, and for every Israeli residentA person whose life is centered in Israel. Criteria for determining this include: Israel is your permanent place of residence, where your family resides, where your children go to school, your primary place of work, or where you are studying. who dies outside of Israel.
The payments are transferred directly from the NII to the Hevra Kadisha and to any other entity that is duly authorized to conduct burials, which has signed an agreement with the National Insurance Institute in this matter.
The National Insurance Institute covers the burial expenses and costs of related services on the day of the burial only.
The National Insurance Institute pays a monthly child allowance to families living in Israel who have children up to the age of 18. The allowance is aimed at helping the family with the expenses entailed in raising their children, and it is paid regardless of the amount of the family's income.
In most cases, the allowance is paid automatically, according with the information transferred to the NII by the hospital after the birth, and it is not necessary to submit a claim. However, there are cases in which the family does have to submit a claim. Further information can be found in how to submit a claim.
Single-parent families and large families (4 or more children) who receive a subsistence benefit from the NII are entitled to a study grant, paid annually, at the beginning of the school year, for children aged 6-18.
Under the Compensation for Blood Transfusion Victims (AIDS), those who are carriers of the AIDS virus as a result of blood transfusion or blood-related products that they received from public health services, from December 31, 1981 to January 1, 1987, are entitled to compensation. The law also applies to spouses and children if they were infected by the AIDS virus following contact with the victim. Entitlement to payment is determined by a committee of experts at the Ministry of Health. Payment is made by the National Insurance Institute.
The Polio Victims Compensation Law-2007 compensates polio victims who are residents of Israel and who were stricken with polio in Israel, or who were stricken with polio abroad and were operated on in Israel due to said illness before January 1, 1970.
Under the law, a person recognized as a polio victim who became disabled as a result of the polio is entitled to a lump-sum compensation as well as to a monthly pension or grant, in accordance with his disability percentage or percentage of mobility limitation. The compensation and pension do not affect the other benefits paid to polio victims.
Please note: A person who was striken with polio abroad must submit a claim to the National Insurance Institute within a defined period of time as determined by law. For details, see the chapter "Those who became stricken with polio abroad".
As of January 1, 1995, under the Law for Compensation of Scalp Ringworm Victims, people (or their survivors) whose health was damaged as a result of radiation treatment against scalp ringworm, which was performed from January 1, 1946 to December 31, 1960, by an entity specified by the law, are entitled to a compensation. A victim is defined as someone who suffers from one of the diseases specified by the law, such as cancer in the area of the head and neck or leukemia, and is in Israel.
The claim for payment should be submitted to the Ministry of Health, which determines entitlement to payment and notifies the claimant if his application has been approved or rejected. Therefore, questions regarding the claim, the medical committees or entitlement matters should be directed to the Ministry of Health.
Payment is made by the National Insurance Institute, and therefore only questions regarding payments should be directed to the National Insurance Institute.
The Counseling Service for the Elderly operates in all branches of the National Insurance Institute and is designed to assist the elderly and their families in resolving the typical problems of the elderly. The service is provided by retired volunteers who are trained in courses given at universities and colleges to provide counseling, guidance and practical assistance to the elderly.The service is available to any elderly person in Israel who requires assistance. The counseling is provided in a warm and relaxed atmosphere. The elderly who request the service are given a sympathetic ear and, when necessary, the counselor refers them to other services in the community.
For details on the counseling services departments, click here.
A disability pension is paid to a person whose earning capacity is reduced by 50% due to his disability.
Under the National Insurance Law, a one-time grant is paid to soldiers who are discharged from compulsory service or to women who have completed 24 months of national service (someone who terminated her service to get married will receive the grant, provided that she completed at least 6 months of service and was married within 30 days of the date of termination of the service) and who worked for six full months in vital workA job in an industrial factory; workshop; construction site; agricultural crop site or packing house; gas station or hotel; except for a secretarial job – as determined and detailed in the Law.. Those who worked less than six ull months may be eligible for a partial grant under certain conditions if they performed work defined as preferred jobA job in a workplace listed in required job, on condition that it is not suitable work for the person thereby employed.. This must be a full-time job, as defined in the particular branch of occupation.
Hostile action casualties and their families are entitled by law to monetary remuneration and various benefits to assist and support them in their recovery, such as monthly payments, rehabilitation, annual grants and lump-sum grants. This entitlement is provided under the Benefits for Victims of Hostilities Law, 5730 - 1970. The monetary benefits are provided under the Invalids (Compensation and Rehabilitation) Law, 5719 - 1959. They are calculated according to managerial grade civil service salaries and are updated in accordance with updates in the economy (employment agreements or cost of living increments).
Specifically, the benefit is paid to those with no or a low income who report to the Employment Service, but to whom no job or only a low-wage job is offered.
Those who are incapable of working are exempt from reporting to the Employment Service. These include, for example, prisoners performing public service, mothers of children up to age two, drug addicts, and others.
A person who has submitted a claim for a disability pension, and his claim has not yet been approved, can submit a claim for income support benefit in the meantime. In such a case he must meet one of the "situations of entitlement" to the benefit (including the condition of reporting to the Employment Service).
In addition, income support benefits are paid to children who were either orphaned or abandoned by both parents.
The benefit is paid starting with the month in which the claim was submitted to the NII; there is no retroactive payment of this benefit. It is therefore important to submit the claim without delay.
The National Insurance Institute is responsible for the social security of the residents of Israel, and pays benefits to those entitled according to the social laws of the State of Israel.
In addition, the National Insurance Institute is responsible for implementing International ConventionsThe National Insurance Institute has signed international conventions to assure the protection the social security rights of a person who moves from one country to another, and to avoid dual insurance payments by Israelis living and working abroad.
regarding social security, ensuring the rights of those traveling between Israel and a convention country country with which Israel has signed a social security convention.
The international conventions impart the residents of Israel and the residents of the convention countries the right to receive benefits and prevent double insurance payments, insure succession of insurance periods, and more, according to the terms of each convention individual.
A person moving from Israel to a convention country or from a convention country to Israel should contact the International Affairs Division at the National Insurance Institute to ensure his or her rights.
The rights granted by the conventions are detailed here.
The National Insurance
Institute deems it very important for the elderly to remain at home with their
families and in their communities. For this reason, the National Insurance Institute grants a long-term
care benefit to people who have reached retirement age, who live at home and need the assistance of another person to perform routine tasks (mobility in the home, dressing, washing, eating and controlling secretions), or need supervision at home for their own safety.
Those entitled to the benefit may choose appropriate services from the existing basket, which includes: care of the elderly at home, visits to a day center, provision of absorbent undergarments, personal alarm units and laundry services.
Those employing a personal caregiver may receive the long-term care benefit in cash
instead of services, as long as the established conditions are met.
Please note: long-term care services are provided only for those who are dependent on another for carrying out daily activities, and not for those who only need assistance in managing a household.
The Maintenance Law (Assurance of Payment) was designed to help women and children who are residents of Israel, who have a court judgment for maintenance payments and are not receiving those payments from the person obligatedThe person obligated by the judgement for alimony ..
The National Insurance Institute makes a monthly payment to those entitled to maintenance and collects the amount from the debtor who was ordered to pay that maintenance in a judgement for maintenanceA court judgement or other court decision according to which a person is obligated to pay alimony or child support to his spouse, to his child or to his parent.. The amount paid to a woman by the National Insurance Institute is the amount stated in the judgement for maintenance, or the amount stated in the regulations - whichever is the lower of the two. If the National Insurance Institute collects from the debtor the full amount of the maintenance specified in the court judgment, and that amount is larger than the maintenance paid to the woman by the National Insurance Institute, the woman is paid the difference.
Anyone submitting a claim to the National Insurance Institute for his disability, must appear before a medical board.
The board comprises an expert physician who is responsible for the establishment of your degree of disability, and a secretary whose responsabilities include recording your statements, board's protocol and paying attention to the preservation of your rights.
You can receive, free of charge, advice and preparation for medical boards by "Helping Hand" centers.
The National Insurance Institute provides various benefits to people with lower body impairments that limit their mobility, with the aim of helping them to integrate into the community and develop an independent life. Although most benefits are granted to car owners, some benefits are also granted to those who do not own a car.
The benefits are paid for by state funds under a Mobility Agreement signed between the Ministry of Finance and the National Insurance Institute.
To a list of mobility benefits
Mobility disabilty is determined by the medical committees of the Health Ministry. Therefore, before submitting a claim for mobility benefits to the National Insurance Institute, you must first submit an application for examination by medical committees of the Health Ministry.
These committees determine whether or not there is a leg impairment in accordance with a list of defined impairments, whether there is need and use of a wheelchair and whether the impairment is a temporary or a permanent one.
Old age insurance is one of the most important branches of the National Insurance Institute’s social security system and is designed to ensure that residents of Israel receive a regular monthly income in their old age.
Any Israeli residentA person whose life is centered in Israel. Criteria for determining this include: Israel is your permanent place of residence, where your family resides, where your children go to school, your primary place of work, or where you are studying. born in Israel or who first immigrated before the age of 60-62 is eligible for an old age pension provided he or she meets the conditions of entitlement.
A person who first immigrated to Israel after the age 60-62, will receive a special old age benefit under certain conditions.
An Israeli resident who moved to a convention country may be eligible for an old age pension even if he or she ceases being an Israeli resident.
An Israeli resident who began receiving an old age pension in Israel and moved abroad may be able to continue receiving the pension even if he or she ceases being an Israeli resident.
A resident and citizen of Israel who has been recognized by the competent authority as a Prisoner of Zion, or a relativeSpouse, child, parent, brother or sister (as defined in the Families of Soldiers Killed in Action Law) of a Prisoner of Zion who died in imprisonment, or of a Martyr ,who is an Israeli resident and citizen; In addition, the widow ,widower or child (as defined in the chapter on “Survivors”)of a Prisoner of Zion who received a benefit by force of the Prisoner of Zion Benefits Law ,and who died after 1 January 1999. of a Prisoner of Zion held in prison, or a family member of a Martyr, is entitled to benefits under the Benefits for Prisoners of Zion and their Families Law of 1992.
The National Insurance Institute pays a reserve service benefit to any person who is called up for reserve duty under the Security Service Law, as well as to anyone called up for training under the Emergency Labor Service Law. The National Insurance Institute also provides grants to working youths up to the age of 18 who are absent from their jobs due to participation in pre-military education.As of June 1, 2004, the National Insurance Institute notifies every insured person and employer regarding the amount of the benefit paid.
A person who has been recognized by the Yad Vashem commemorative authority as a righteous gentile and is living in Israel, and family members of a righteous gentile (widowWife of insured man at the time of his death, had been married to him for at least a year (six months for woman aged 55 and over), or has borne him a child./widowerHusband of insured woman at the time of her death, had been married to her for at least a year (six months for man aged 55 and over), if he has child living with him or has passed a means test. and if there is no widow/er - a childThe son or daughter of an insured person (including foster child, adopted child and grandchild supported entirely by the insured person, except for a married child) who meets one of the following conditions: *up to age 18; *if completing his studies at a post-elementary educational institution or studying in a framework to complete matriculation exams, or having a learning disability and studying in a framework recognized by the NII– up to age 20; *if in a pre-army IDF framework – up to age 20;* if a volunteer in a framework of public service for up to 12 months and his army service is deferred due to this volunteering – up to age 21; *if serving compulsory service in the IDF – up to age 24; *if serving in the voluntary National Service – up to age 24;*if studying in an "atuda" framework and deferring army service due to studies – up to age 24., as defined in the National Insurance Law) are entitled to benefits.
Survivors’ insurance is designed to ensure the means of subsistence for the survivors - widow/er and orphans - of an Israeli resident who dies (except for those who lose their lives in war or due to crime).
The NII pays benefits to volunteers according to the regulations concerning work-related injuries. Furthermore in the event that a volunteer is killed while volunteering the NII will pay work-injury dependents pension to the partner of the volunteer and their children, particularly vocational training and living allowance for widows and orphans.
An injury during or as a result of volunteer work includes injuries that the volunteer incurred on his way to the place where he volunteered or on his way home, even if he did not leave from home to go to his volunteering place, or was not on his way home, all according to the regulations that were determined for an injury in a way that is recognized as a work injury.
Work injury insurance is designed to compensate insured persons who are injured at work for the loss of income for the period of time after the injury, during which they are unable to work. The National Insurance Institute therefore pays them an injury allowance for a period of up to three months. If the injured person remains disabled as a result of the injury, he is entitled to a work disability pension or grant as decided by the medical board before which he must appear. The injured person is also entitled to receive medical treatment for his injury, free of charge.If the injured person dies as a result of the work injury, his dependent family members may receive a pension or grant.
With the approval of the
State Budget and the Arrangements Law to the State Budget for 2017-2018, as of
January 2017, some improvements and increments are entering into force for
recipients of a disability pension, old age and survivors pension with income
supplement, and for one-parent families receiving income support and
by pension type are detailed below :
Under law, the National Insurance Institute may deduct the amounts paid by mistake from the person's benefit, and may initiate enforcement procedures in order to collect the debt.
The NI may take the person's health and socio-economic situation into account in the method it uses to collect the debt, and when necessary may reach an agreement with the debtor on a convenient payment arrangement.
In cases in which the person's health or socio-economic situation is very difficult (for example, if he has a terminal disease), the NII may decide to forgo part or all of the debt.
After overpayment of a benefit, you may use a request for review of debt form to submit a request to the Committee for Reviewing Debts.
One can pay a debt that has arisen from an overpayment of benefit on the payment site, or by means of the phone center for payment of debt due to overpayment of benefit.