The National Insurance Institute pays a monthly child allowance to families living in Israel who have children up to the age of 18. The allowance is aimed at helping the family with the expenses entailed in raising their children, and it is paid regardless of the amount of the family's income.
In most cases, the allowance is paid automatically, according with the information transferred to the NII by the hospital after the birth, and it is not necessary to submit a claim. However, there are cases in which the family does have to submit a claim. Further information can be found in how to submit a claim.
Single-parent families and large families (4 or more children) who receive a subsistence benefit from the NII are entitled to a study grant, paid annually, at the beginning of the school year, for children aged 6-18.
For an explanation of the program, click here.
Family in which the two spouses are living with their childrenThe allowance is paid to the mother. Therefore, it is deposited in the bank account in the mother's name, or in a joint account of both parents.
Divorced parentsThe allowance is paid to the parent who has actual custody of the children, under court judgment.If some of the children are living with the mother and some are living with the father, each parent is entitled to the allowance for the children in his or her custody, as specified in the court judgment, and each parent must submit a separate application to split the file to the local branch of the National Insurance Institute.
Separated parentsThe allowance is paid to the parent who has custody of the children.
If some of the children are in the mother’s custody and some are in the father’s custody, the allowance is paid to each parent separately according to the number of children in his or her custody and each parent must submit a separate application to split the file, and attach documents at testifying to the custody.
A child who is not in his parents' custodyIn cases in which the child is not in his parents' custody, the allowance is paid to the guardian appointed by order of the court, or to a person appointed by the NII as recipient of the allowance for the child (In order to be appointed as recipient, it is necessary to contact the National Insurance Institute, and to bring the relevant documents, such as authorization from a social worker and authorization from welfare or community workers).
Any of the following is entitled to a child allowance:
Someone who is not a resident of Israel, but lives in Israel with one or more of his children, provided that he has been working in Israel as a salaried employee or as a self-employed worker for at least 6 months, and he has a visa from the Ministry of the Interior to live and work in Israel.
Additional conditions of entitlement for receiving the allowance:
Beginning of entitlementIf a child is born or adopted or immigrates to Israel before the 15th of the month, the allowance will be paid on the 1st of the month in which he was born, adopted or immigrated.If a child is born or adopted or immigrates to Israel on the 16th of the month or later, the allowance will be paid as of the 1st of the month following the month in which he was born, adopted or immigrated.
End of entitlementThe allowance is paid until the end of the month in which the child reaches the age of 18.
The death of a childThe allowance is paid for a child who lives at least seven days after birth, or was discharged from the hospital after birth.If a child for whom the allowance was paid dies, the NII will continue paying the allowance for three months from the end of the month in which the child died.
A claim for child allowance should be submitted within 12 months of the day of entitlement to the allowance (the day on which you began to be entitled to the allowance is the day of the child's birth, adoption or immigration to Israel).
If you did not submit the claim within 12 months of this day, the National Insurance Institute will pay the allowance only for the 12 months preceding the day of submission of claim.
If the child was born after July 1, 2003, and was not registered in the population registry within 30 days of the date of the birth, the allowance will be paid only for the 3 months that preceded the submission of claim.
The amount of the allowance is determined by the number of children in the family, by their birth dates and by whether or not the family is entitled to a subsistence benefit from the NII. The amount of the allowance is according to these three factors:
In a family in which both spouses live with their children, the allowance is paid to the mother, so the allowance will be paid into the bank account of the children's mother or to the joint account of both parents.
A request to change the place of payment of the allowance may be submitted by means of:
Residents of Israel who adopt a child are entitled to a child allowance. The allowance is paid once a month, on the 20th of the month.