The National Insurance of Israel (NII), one of the pillars on which social policy in Israel rests, operates under the National Insurance Law, passed by the Knesset (Israeli Parliament) in November 1953. The NII aims to provide weak population groups and families in temporary or long-term difficulties with a financial basis for subsistence. Today the National Insurance Law includes a wide variety of programs, such as  old-age and survivors, maternity, children, work injury, general disability, long-term care, unemployment, bankruptcy and liquidation of corporations.


In addition to the National Insurance Law, the NII is in charge of enforcing other laws and agreements in the field of social security, such as the Income Support Law, designed to protect every family from loss of income and to assist needy populations.