The National Insurance Institute collects insurance contributions from all residents in accordance with their income and insurance status, and pays benefits to those entitled. In this way, income is transferred from groups which are well off economically to weak and vulnerable groups, and the National Insurance Institutes thereby contributes to a more just distribution of the national income and to a reduction of poverty.
Since January 1, 1995, the National Insurance Institute is responsible for the collection of health insurance contributions under the National Health Insurance Law, and transfers these contributions collected to the various sick funds.
All Israeli residentA person whose life is centered in Israel. Criteria for determining this include: Israel is your permanent place of residence, where your family resides, where your children go to school, your primary place of work, or where you are studying. s aged 18 or older must, under law, be covered with the National Insurance Institute, and pay national and health insurance contributions (except for a married woman who does not work outside her household and for a person who immigrated to Israel and became an Israeli resident for the first time when over age 62, who pay health insurance contributions only). The National Insurance Institute charges fines and linkage to those who do not pay insurance contributions on the date stipulated by law.
This section will be describe the different types of insured; types of benefits for which they are insured; income bases according to which insurance contributions are calculated and insurance contribution rates.