The National Insurance Institute is at your side during your life, from birth to advanced age, granting you a variety of social rights adapted to changing life situations.
The National Insurance Institute is responsible for the social security of Israeli residents.
Its primary mission is to ensure means of subsistence for those unable to earn their living.
The National Insurance Institute collects insurance contributions from all residents according to their social background and status, and pays benefits to those entitled. Hence, the income of economically established groups is transferred to weak and vulnerable groups and, thereby, the National Insurance Institute contributes to a more equitable distribution of national income and the reduction of dimensions of poverty. Further information...
Three conditions determine your eligibility for unemployment benefit:1. You are at least 20 years of age but you have not yet reached the maximum age for receiving unemployment benefits.2. You completed a qualifying period360 days for which insurance contributions were paid out of 540 days prior to determining date; For daily employee – 300 days as above out of 540; for minor – 100 days for which insurance contributions were paid, out of prior 360 days as above. period before your unemployment.3. You are unemployed.
The first condition: You are at least 20 years of age but you have not yet reached the maximum age for receiving unemployment benefit.
The maximum age for receiving unemployment benefit according to date of birth:
Date of birth
maximum age for receiving unemployment benefit
65 and 4 months
65 and 8 months
66 and 4 months
66 and 8 months
The following are eligible for unemployment benefit, even if they have not yet reached the age of 20:
The second condition: You completed a qualifying period360 days for which insurance contributions were paid out of 540 days prior to determining date; For daily employee – 300 days as above out of 540; for minor – 100 days for which insurance contributions were paid, out of prior 360 days as above. before your unemployment.
The unemployment period begins from the day on which you first register at the Employment Service Bureau.
The qualifying period required for entitlement to unemployment benefit:
The qualifying period can only be acquired from the age of 18. Periods of employment that preceded the age of 18 will not be taken into account.
The days counted for the qualifying period will include:
In the count of the 540 days, the following periods will not be counted:
The third condition: You are unemployed.You registered at the Employment Service Bureau as unemployed, and you report to the Bureau in order to obtain work in accordance with the Employment Service Regulations and suitable workThe work offered is considered to be suitable work if it meets the following conditions: a. It is the type of work at which the unemployed person worked in the three years preceding his unemployment, or any other work suiting his professional training, educational level and condition of health; b. the wages of the work offered are at least equal to the unemployment benefit which would be due to him were he entitled to it; c. the work offered does not require a change in his residence, according to the rules which have been determined. Conditions a and b above do not apply to persons under the age of 35 from the third month of their unemployment onwards, nor do they apply to seasonal workers. has not been found for you.
A person who terminated his employment of his own volition, without a justified reason - will begin to receive unemployment benefits only after 90 days from the date of termination of the employment.A person who terminated his employment for a justified reason, such as the state of his health, the health of his spouse or children, or a worsening of his employment conditions, must submit the appropriate documents to prove his claims.Resigning from a job due to a change in place of residence or the transfer of the workplace will be considered justified resignation provided that the distance between the new residence and the workplace exceeds 60 KM or 40 KM (for the mother of a child below the age of 7 years).
A person to whom the Employment Service Bureau offered suitable work, which he refused, or a person to whom the Bureau offered training, advanced training or professional retraining, which he refused - will begin to receive unemployment benefits only 90 days after the date of the refusal, each time that he refuses as stated, and 30 days will be deducted from the number of days due to him.
The rules for reporting to the Bureau according to the Employment Service Regulations:
If you meet the first two conditions of eligibility, you are likely to be considered "unemployed, "even if you do not report to the Employment Service, provided that you meet one of the following conditions:
It is important to contact the Employment Service for the first time immediately after termination of employment. If you delay, you are liable to lose your eligibility.
Even someone who will only begin to receive the unemployment benefit 90 days from termination of employment (because he left his job of his own volition without justification) must report to the Employment Service immediately after termination of the employment so as not to lose his eligibility.