General disability pension


A disability pension is paid to someone whose disability has caused his earning capacity to be reduced by at least 50% or to a housewife (Israeli resident who is over the age of 18 and has not yet reached the age of retirement, is married, is not working either as a salaried employee, or self-employed, and whose husband is covered by old-age and survivors’ insurance), whose capacity to perform household functions has been reduced by 50%, under the terms of eligibility detailed on the disability site.

One of the conditions of eligibility for a disability pension is that the incapacity happened to the insured person while he was an Israeli resident. Accordingly a returning resident will be eligible for a pension only if the incapacity to earn was caused while he was a resident of Israel.

Nevertheless, under the following conditions, the returning resident may be eligible for a pension even though his incapacity was caused while he was not an Israeli resident:

  1. If he reached the age of 18 when he was an Israeli resident and disabled;
  2. If the impairment that causes his incapacity occurred while he was a minor resident of Israel;
  3. If the claim of the returning resident for a disability pension was rejected because his incapacity was caused while he was not an Israeli resident and, following the rejection of his claim, he began to work and his earnings were more than 45% of the average salary (NIS 4,748 (as of Jan 01, 2020)) for six continuous months or for 12 non-continuous months out of the 24 months preceding the 1st of the month in which the claim was submitted;
  4. If the claim of the returning resident was rejected because his incapacity was caused while he was not an Israeli resident, and after becoming an Israeli resident new impairments were caused, or there was a significant deterioration of the existing impairments, creating medical disability and incapacity – he may be eligible for a pension, if the following conditions are met:
  • The claim of the returning resident was rejected because the incapacity was caused while he was not an Israeli resident
  • New impairments were caused to the returning resident or there was a deterioration of existing impairments (while he was a returning resident);
  • These impairments alone are above the required medical threshold for a disability pension;
  • These impairments alone caused the claimant’s incapacity.

In the above instances, all medical documents that attest to the beginning of the new medical impairment or the deterioration should be submitted.

If it is determined that the new impairments or the significant deterioration that occurred during returning resident status grant eligibility for a pension for the returning resident, the pension will be paid according to the degree that expresses the general condition of the claimant and not just the impairments caused during the returning resident status.

A person whose incapacity was caused while he was an Israeli resident, and while he was not an Israeli resident there was a deterioration of his medical disability or degree of incapacity – as a returning resident, he will be eligible for a disability pension according to the degree of incapacity appropriate to his present condition.