Conditions of entitlement


For your convenience, you can use a simulator for an simple and fast examination of your eligibility for maternity allowance.

To be entitled to a maternity allowance, you must meet ALL following criteria:

First conditions – childbirth

You gave birth to a live newborn.

Whether you gave a stillbirth after 22 weeks + a day of pregnancy or your newborn died after birth, you will be entitled to maternity allowance according to remaining criteria of eligibility, as for any other birth.

Second condition – Cessation of work

You have stopped working during your pregnancy, and did not resume work during the period of entitlement to maternity allowance.
If cessation of work occurred on the first month of pregnancy, you may be entitled to maternity allowance according to remaining criteria of eligibility.

If you are self-employed, please note that during the birth and parenthood period you are allowed to undertake actions of business maintenance without prejudice to your entitlement to maternity allowance. To receive an authorization to that end, please contact your local NII branch.

Third condition – You have accrued a qualifying period

Whether you are a salaried employee or self-employed, and have accrued an entitling qualifying period (months where you have worked and paid national insurance contributions). Your period of entitlement to maternity allowance is determined in accordance with your accrued qualifying period:

  • if you have paid insurance contributions for either 10 of the 14 months, or 15 of the 22 months preceding the cessation of work - you will be entitled to a maximum maternity allowance for a period of 15 weeks (105 days of entitlement).
  • if you have paid insurance contributions for 6 of the 14 months preceding the cessation of work - you will be entitled to a partial maternity allowance for a period of 8 weeks (56 days of entitlement).

Months of work included in the qualifying period (working part of the month is considered a full month work):

  • Work in Israel - the months you were working as a salaried employee or self-employed in Israel.
  • Work abroad - the months you were working as an employee abroad, provided that both you and your employer are Israeli residents and have signed an employment agreement in Israel, or those you were a local Israeli worker.
  • Foreign worker - the months you were working in Israel, and held a valid stay permit for foreign worker.
  • If you did not work enough months in order to be entitled to maternity allowance, other months than months of work may be taken into account as qualifying period. For further information, click here.

If you are self-employed, please note that, for the purpose of calculating your qualifying period, only the months you were working and paying insurance contributions will be taken into account. If you owe a debt to the National Insurance Institute, it is important to settle it before childbirth, or before the first day of entitlement (for those who stopped working before childbirth), in order to avoid the denial of your eligibility for maternity allowance.