The National Insurance Institute is at your side during your life, from birth to advanced age, granting you a variety of social rights adapted to changing life situations.
The National Insurance Institute is responsible for the social security of Israeli residents.
Its primary mission is to ensure means of subsistence for those unable to earn their living.
The National Insurance Institute collects insurance contributions from all residents according to their social background and status, and pays benefits to those entitled. Hence, the income of economically established groups is transferred to weak and vulnerable groups and, thereby, the National Insurance Institute contributes to a more equitable distribution of national income and the reduction of dimensions of poverty. Further information...
A person who terminated his work of his own will, without a justified reason – will begin to receive unemployment benefits only after 90 days from the date of his work termination. Despite this, he must report to the Employment Service right after he stops working, in order not to lose his rights.
A person who terminated his work of his own will, for one of the reasons defined in the law and the regulations as justified – must submit the appropriate documents to prove his claims, and will begin to receive regular unemployment benefits. Examples of justified reasons for terminating work: resignation of an employee due to a health condition from which he or a family member suffers, resignation due to a concrete deterioration in his work conditions, or the creation of circumstances in his workplace that do not enable him to continue working there. Resigning from a job due to a change in place of residence or the transfer of the workplace will be considered justified, provided that the distance between the new residence and the workplace exceeds 60 kilometers (or 40 kilometers for the mother of a child below seven years of age).
Resignation from a "interim work" (employment of less than 6 months) - those who, after stopping their work, chose not to realize their right to unemployment benefits, but were rather interested in starting a new interim job. If they have worked in such a job for a period of up to 6 months and then resigned, their resignation will be deemed justified, provided they have accrued the required qualifying period, on the day of termination of their previous work.
Resignation from a "secondary work" - if you have worked in two jobs of similar position, then you have been dismissed or you resigned from one of them for justified reasons, and kept working in the other employment for a period of up to 3 months before resigning from it eventually, your resignation from the second job will be deemed justified.
Pregnant woman/mother of a newborn who has resigned from her jobA woman who has quit her job either before or after giving birth, will be regarded as having resigned of her own volition, that is to say, she will only start receiving the unemployment benefit after 90 days from when she ceased work (she must produce confirmation from her employer). Although according to the severance pay law, the resignation of a pregnant woman/new mother is regarded as the same as termination, quitting is not regarded as a justifiable reason for ceasing work according to unemployment insurance law.
However, in the following cases, the resignation of a pregnant woman/new mother may be recognized as justified:
A person to whom the Employment Service bureau offered suitable workThe work offered is considered to be suitable work if it meets the following conditions: a. It is the type of work at which the unemployed person worked in the three years preceding his unemployment, or any other work suiting his professional training, educational level and condition of health; b. the wages of the work offered are at least equal to the unemployment benefit which would be due to him were he entitled to it; c. the work offered does not require a change in his residence, according to the rules which have been determined. Conditions a and b above do not apply to persons under the age of 35 from the third month of their unemployment onwards, nor do they apply to seasonal workers. which he refused, or a person to whom the bureau offered training, advanced training or professional retraining, which he refused – will begin to receive unemployment benefits only 90 days after the date of the refusal, each time that he refuses, and 30 days will be deducted from the number of days due to him.
You may be considered "unemployed", even if you do not report to the Employment Service, provided that you meet one of the following conditions:
It is important to report to the Employment Service bureau immediately after you have ceased work.
Submitting a claim for unemployment benefit online.