The National Insurance Institute is at your side during your life, from birth to advanced age, granting you a variety of social rights adapted to changing life situations.
The National Insurance Institute is responsible for the social security of Israeli residents.
Its primary mission is to ensure means of subsistence for those unable to earn their living.
The National Insurance Institute collects insurance contributions from all residents according to their social background and status, and pays benefits to those entitled. Hence, the income of economically established groups is transferred to weak and vulnerable groups and, thereby, the National Insurance Institute contributes to a more equitable distribution of national income and the reduction of dimensions of poverty. Further information...
The maximum number of unemployment days for which you might receive unemployment benefits is determined by your age and by the number of persons depending on you (Dependent husbandA husband is considered to be dependent on the unemployed woman is he is at least 70 years old, or if he as at least 50 years old and his income is not over 57% of the average wage., Dependent wifeA wife is considered to be dependent on the unemployed man if she meets all the following conditions:
a. She has been the wife of the unemployed person for at least a year or has borne him a child;
b. She is at least 45 years old or is caring for his child;
c. Her income is not over 57% of the average wage.
, childThe son or daughter of an insured person (including foster child, adopted child and grandchild supported entirely by the insured person, except for a married child) who meets one of the following conditions: *up to age 18; *if completing his studies at a post-elementary educational institution or studying in a framework to complete matriculation exams, or having a learning disability and studying in a framework recognized by the NII– up to age 20; *if in a pre-army IDF framework – up to age 20;* if a volunteer in a framework of public service for up to 12 months and his army service is deferred due to this volunteering – up to age 21; *if serving compulsory service in the IDF – up to age 24; *if serving in the voluntary National Service – up to age 24;*if studying in an "atuda" framework and deferring army service due to studies – up to age 24.).
The number of days you were granted can be realized over a 12 months period, starting from the 1st of the month you have first reported to Employment Service. Unemployment days are paid to you during that year according to your reporting to Employment Service.
Please note, the maximum period of your entitlement to unemployment benefits can change as results of modifications in your age and the number of your dependents.
If you did submit unemployment benefit claims two years in a row (e.g. in 2018 and 2019), the number of unemployment days for which you will be able to receive unemployment benefit based on the new claim, will be calculated each month according to the days of unemployment received over the 11 months preceding the month of payment, even though theses unemployment days belong to the previous claim.
The abovementioned principles do not apply to this kind of unemployed person.
The number of days for which you might receive unemployment benefits for all claims will not exceed 180% of the maximum amount of days to which you are entitled.
In other words, if you received unemployment benefits for all of the maximum amount of days, and then submitted another unemployment benefit claim before 4 years had elapsed since the beginning of the previous entitlement, you will again receive unemployment benefits for only 80% of the number of days to which you are entitled.Afterwards, you will no longer be eligible for unemployment benefits, up to the end of the 4 years period.
If the Employment Service offered you a suitable workThe work offered is considered to be suitable work if it meets the following conditions: a. It is the type of work at which the unemployed person worked in the three years preceding his unemployment, or any other work suiting his professional training, educational level and condition of health; b. the wages of the work offered are at least equal to the unemployment benefit which would be due to him were he entitled to it; c. the work offered does not require a change in his residence, according to the rules which have been determined. Conditions a and b above do not apply to persons under the age of 35 from the third month of their unemployment onwards, nor do they apply to seasonal workers., training, advanced training or professional retraining, and you declined this offer, 30 days will be taken off the amount of days to which you are entitled, and you will not receive payment of unemployment benefit for 90 days since the day of refusal, and this each time you decline an offer.
If you were paid unemployment benefits for all unemployment days to which you were entitled, and you did not not find a job yet, you can check your eligibility for income support benefit.
For more information about conditions of entitlement to income support, click here.